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Svetozar Borojević u Prvom svjetskom ratu

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Polje Vrijednost
 
Naslov Svetozar Borojević u Prvom svjetskom ratu
Svetozar Borojević in the First World War
 
Autor Vrščak, Ivana
 
Tema HUMANISTIČKE ZNANOSTI. Povijest. Hrvatska i svjetska moderna i suvremena povijest.
HUMANISTIC SCIENCES. History. Croatian and World Modern and Contemporary History.
Svetozar Borojević
Prvi svjetski rat
feldmaršal
Galicija
3. armija
Soča
5. armija
12 bitaka
Svetozar Borojević
First world war
fieldmarshal
Galicia
3rd army
Isonzo
5th army
12 battles
 
Opis Svetozar Borojević je rođen 13. prosinca 1856. godine u Umetićima. Završio je brojne
vojne škole i došao do visokog čina feldmaršala 1. veljače 1918. godine. Istaknuo se u Prvom
svjetskom ratu na dvije bojišnice, u Galiciji i na Soči. Napisao je knjigu O ratu protiv Italije iz
vlastitog iskustva proživljenog na Soči.
Borojević je stigao u Galiciju u rujnu 1914. gdje je predvodio 3. armiju u bojevima protiv
Rusa. Na Istočnoj (ruskoj) bojišnici je odbio Ruse kod Limanowe i oslobodio tvrđavu Przemysl
prve opsade 10. listopada 1914. Na ovoj se bojišnici zadržao do svibnja 1915. kada je
premješten na Jugozapadno (talijansko) bojište gdje je postao zapovjednikom 5. armije 27.
svibnja 1915. Nešto kasnije, u kolovozu 1917. godine je postao zapovjednik 1. i 2. armije.
Sudjelovao je u svih dvanaest bitaka na Soči i zbog svojih zasluga na tom bojištu je dobio
nadimak „Lav sa Soče“. Zadržao se na tom prostoru do studenog 1918. kada se morao povući
zbog lošeg stanja u državi što je utjecalo na opskrbu i moral vojske.
Našao se u teškoj situaciji nakon što austro-ugarski car više nije trebao njegove usluge i
nakon što mu je onemogućen povratak u Kraljevinu SHS. Jedna strana ga je osuđivački
prozivala Južnim Slavenom, dok ga je druga strana nazivala protivnikom nove države,
Kraljevine SHS. Tako je vrijeme od kraja rata do smrti proveo u borbi za mirovinu, pravdu i
vlastitu egzistenciju. Umro je 23. svibnja 1920. u bolnici u Klagenfurtu od posljedica moždanog
udara, ne dočekajući pravdu koju je zaslužio.
Svetozar Borojević was born on 13th of December 1856 in Umetići. He graduated from
a number of military schools and achieved a high rank in the army, becoming a field marshal
in February 1918. He participated on two battlefields in the First World War, in Galicia and on
Isonzo River. He wrote a book based on his own experience on the South-western Front
(Isonzo), entitled About war in Italy. Borojević arrived to the Eastern Front in Galicia in
September 1914 to lead 3rd army in battles against Russians. On the Eastern Front he and his
army stopped a Russian headway near Limanowa and liberated Przemyśl Fort in the First Siege
of Przemyśl in October 1914.
He left the Eastern Front in May 1915 when Italy entered the war and opened a new
battlefield on the South-western Front. On that front, he started leading 5th army. Later in 1917
he became the leader of 1st and 2nd army on that same front. He participated in 12 battles on
Isonzo River and because of his importance and contribution he got a nickname „Lion from
Isonzo“. He stayed on Isonzo till November 1918, when he had to leave the battlefield because
of a bad situation in the country, which had an impact on the supply and army morale. He was
not granted permission to return to his homeland and, on the other hand, the Austro-Hungarian
monarch to whom he was committed did not require his services anymore.
He got into trouble when the Austro-Hungarian side accused him of being South Slavic
and his homeland declared him an enemy of the newly created Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and
Slovenes. Because of these accusations he spent the whole period between the end of the First
World War and his death fighting for justice and pension. He died on 23rd of May 1920 in
hospital in Klagenfurt after suffering a stroke and he never got the justice he deserved.
 
Izdavač Sveučilište u Zadru. Odjel za povijest.
University of Zadar. Department of History.
 
Suradnik Bralić, Ante
 
Datum 2016-02-15
 
Vrsta resursa info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
text
 
Format (na primjer PDF) application/pdf
 
Identifikator https://repozitorij.unizd.hr/islandora/object/unizd:50
https://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:162:537506
 
Jezik hrv
 
Prava http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess