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Stanja povezana s povišenom aktivnosti kreatin kinaze u djece

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Polje Vrijednost
 
Naslov Stanja povezana s povišenom aktivnosti kreatin kinaze u djece
Conditions associated with increased activity of creatine kinase in children
 
Autor Trivić, Ivana
 
Tema kreatin kinaza
nasljedne mišićne bolesti
rabdomioliza
idiopatska hiperCKemija
creatine kinase
hereditary muscle diseases
rhabdomyolysis
idiopathic hyperCKemia
BIOMEDICINA I ZDRAVSTVO. Kliničke medicinske znanosti. Pedijatrija.
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE. Clinical Medical Sciences. Pediatrics.
 
Opis Kreatin kinaza (CK) je enzim koji katalizira reverzibilnu reakciju kreatina (Cr) i adenozin trifosfata (ATP) u kojoj nastaju energijom bogat kreatin-fosfat (PCr) i adenozin difosfat (ADP), dok suprotna reakcija prijenosa fosfata između PCr i ADP-a omogućuje brzu regeneraciju ATP-a u tkivima s velikim i promjenjivim energetskim potrebama poput skeletnog i srčanog mišića i mozga. Laboratorijsko određivanje aktivnosti CK je jednostavna, neinvazivna i reproducibilna pretraga. U najvećem broju slučajeva, povišena aktivnost CK u djece popraćena je simptomima i znakovima oštećenja odnosno bolesti mišića. Velik broj različitih nasljednih mišićnih bolesti započinje u djetinjstvu, a poznavanje kliničke slike, obrazaca nasljeđivanja i vrijednosti laboratorijskih parametara poput aktivnosti CK može značajno doprinijeti pravovremenom postavljanju ispravne dijagnoze koja je jedini put k ispravnom zbrinjavanju bolesnika. Uz nasljedne, valja voditi računa i o drugim, stečenim uzrocima porasta aktivnosti CK. U radu je dan presjek autoimunih bolesti dječje dobi za koje je karakteristično zahvaćanje skeletnog mišića, ali i pregled spoznaja dobivenih u novijim istraživanjima koja ukazuju na kompleksnost mogućih uzroka rabdomiolize u djece koji obuhvaćaju infektivne agense, elektrolitne i endokrine poremećaje, nuspojave lijekova, učinke toksičnih tvari, traumu i brojne druge. Uz stanja koja dovode do „lažnog“ povišenja aktivnosti CK u serumu, opisano je i stanje u literaturi poznatije kao idiopatska hiperCKemija, u kojem podležeći uzrok nije moguće otkriti niti iscrpnom dijagnostičkom obradom.
The creatine kinase (CK) is an enzyme catalizing the reversible reaction between creatine (Cr) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) that results in the formation of phosphocreatine (PCr) and adenosine diphosphate. Reverse reaction, one in which creatine phosphate transfers a high-energy phosphate to ADP, allows a timely regeneration of ATP in tissues with high and fluctuating energy demands such as the skeletal and cardiac muscle, as well as the brain. Laboratory measurement of the creatine kinase activity is a simple, non-invasive and easily reproducible test. In most cases, increased activity of creatine kinase in children is accompanied with symptoms and signs indicating muscle damage or disease. A large number of various hereditary muscle diseases begin during childhood. Knowledge of the clinical features, patterns of inheritance and expected values of the laboratory parameters such as CK activity may greatly contribute to a timely and correct diagnosis of such diseases which is considered of the upmost importance for providing quality patient care. Clinicians should also take in account other, acquired causes of increased activity of creatine kinase. This thesis provides an overview of childhood autoimmune disease affecting the skeletal muscle, as well as an overview of scientific knowledge gained in recent studies concerning the complexity of possible causes of rhabdomyolysis in paediatric population. This pertains, but is not limited, to infective agents, electrolyte and endocrine disorders, adverse affects to medication, effects of toxins, trauma and more. Part of the thesis is dedicated to conditions which lead to falsely increased activity of creatine kinase, and there is also a mention of a condition widely known as idiopathic hyperCKemia, where the underlaying cause to elevated creatine kinase activity cannot be found despite extensive diagnostic evaluation.
 
Izdavač Sveučilište u Zagrebu. Medicinski fakultet. KATEDRA ZA PEDIJATRIJU.
University of Zagreb. School of Medicine. Chair of Pediatrics.
 
Suradnik Ćuk, Mario
 
Datum 2016-07-15
 
Vrsta resursa info:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis
text
 
Format (na primjer PDF) application/pdf
 
Identifikator https://repozitorij.mef.unizg.hr/islandora/object/mef:1313
 
Jezik hrv
 
Prava http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess